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logosefard.jpg (9968 bytes)  Ladino:  a language of Israel

SIL
Summer Institute of Linguistics

 

Population 100,000 or more in Israel (1985). Population total all countries 160,000 or fewer (1992).
Region Ethnic group members also in Salonica, Greece; Sofia, Bulgaria; Yugoslavia. Formerly also in Morocco. Also spoken in Puerto Rico, Turkey (Europe), USA.
Alternate Names JUDEO SPANISH, SEFARDI, DZHUDEZMO, JUDEZMO, SPANYOL, HAQUETIYA
Dialects JUDEZMO (JUDYO, JIDYO), LADINO, HAQUETIYA (HAKETIA, HAKETIYA, HAKITIA).
Classification Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian.
Comments The Balkan dialect is more influenced by Turkish and Greek. The North African dialect is more influenced by Arabic and French. There are no monolinguals. It is not the dominant language for most speakers. Formerly the main language of Sefardic Jewry. The name 'Dzhudezmo' is used by Jewish linguists and Turkish Jews; 'Judeo-Spanish' by Romance philologists; 'Ladino' by laymen, especially in Israel; 'Hakitia' by Moroccan Jews; 'Spanyol' by some others. Different from Ladin in the Rhaeto-Romansch group. The Hebrew (Rashi) alphabet does not work well because of the need to differentiate vowels. Yet there are texts in Hebrew script. Newspapers, radio programs. Jewish. Bible 1829.


Also spoken in Turkey

Language Name LADINO
Population 8,000 or fewer first language speakers out of 15,000 people in Turkey (1976).
Alternate Names DZHUDEZMO, JUDEO SPANISH, SEFARDI, JUDEZMO, HAKITIA, HAKETIA, SPANYOL
Comments Nearly all are bilingual in Turkish. Chief language of Sefardic Jews. The Donme are a Ladino-speaking group in Turkey, adherents of Shabbetai Zevi (Zvi). Roman. Newspapers. Jewish. Bible 1829. See main entry under Israel.


ISO 639 Code: lad
ISO 639-2: lad
English: Ladino
French: judéo-espagnol

The code lad is classified in ISO 639 as an individual language code.

This code corresponds to the following language in the Ethnologue:

LADINO


[SPJ] Israel. 100,000 or more in Israel (1985). Population total all countries 160,000 or fewer (1992). Alternate names: JUDEO SPANISH, SEFARDI, DZHUDEZMO, JUDEZMO, SPANYOL, HAQUETIYA. Dialects: JUDEZMO (JUDYO, JIDYO), LADINO, HAQUETIYA (HAKETIA, HAKETIYA, HAKITIA). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian.

 

home_sefarad.gif (990 bytes)Principal Sefaradíes en Chile